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Wudang Mountain

Wudang Traditional Forms

There are more kinds of Wudang Internal Kung Fu forms which are yet to be listed on our website and some of which cannot be imparted to the outside casually, due to the disciplines and rules of our Wudang Sanfeng Sect. We think, however, that the forms listed below are a good representation of Wudang Kungfu. Almost every priest and master is an expert of more than one kind of kungfu, take Master Chen for example, the director and head coach of our academy, is well known for his techniques of qinggong, or light-bodied kungfu.

Sanfeng 13-form Taiji Sanfeng 108-form Taiji
Sanfeng 28-form Taiji Baxian Gun
Fuchen Fangbian Chan
Baxian Jian Taiyi Xuanmen Jian
Taiyi Wuxing Quan Bagua Zhang
Xingyi Quan Baji Quan
Longhua Quan Fuhu Quan
Xuanwu Quan Xuanzhen Quan
Xuangong Dao  

Wudang Sanfeng 13-form Taiji

The Wudang Sanfeng Sect 13-form Taiji is made up of 13 groups of movements with a total of 60 postures in all. It contains 5 basic steps and 8 basic movements. This form is considered as the mother of all Taiji forms and was created by Taoist Master Zhang Sanfeng.

Wudang Taiji Quan uses softness to overcome the hard and the inactive to combat the active. It is both good for strengthening body and self-defense. By practicing it, people can convert strength into inner energy, and finally turn that inner energy into a deeper spiritual energy. This ancient practice combines martial arts with inner alchemy, helping the practicers to achieve longevity, clarity and physical strength.

The study and practice of Taiji can be broken down into 3 stages, namely, jing(strength), qi(breath) and shen (spirit). Regulating one’s breath is an important skill developed by Taiji practice. The main movements are pushing, pressing, jostling, picking, elbowing, also known as Peng Lu Ji An, Cai Lie Zhou Kao in Chinese. When practiced properly and diligently, both the movements and one’s energy flow smoothly and naturally. Wudang Taijii incorporates motion with inner stillness, through which the internal and external aspects of the form combine to create an overall feeling of well-being, while at the same time improving the practicer’s health.          >>TOP

Wudang Sanfeng 108-form Taiji

The Wudang Sanfeng Sect 108-form Taiji includes 8 parts and 108 movements. This form originated from Zhang Sanfeng's first disciples, and it’s based on the original shorter 13-form Taiji only with some variations.

This form is known exclusively in the Wudang Mountains. It is a tradition that all Wudang monks are to learn this form. This is different from the 13 form, which is usually only passed down to the senior Monk in every generation from each of the eight major temples on the mountain.

The most important thing for the practicer of this form to remember is to be as relaxed as possible and keep a slow pace, as it is a very long form and should take approximately thirty minutes to perform. Every movement can be used either as an attack or defense, and the basic energy center for all of these movements is the abdominal region, known as the Dan Tian in Chinese.          >>TOP

Wudang Sanfeng 28-formTaiji

The Wudang Sanfeng 28-form Taiji is based on the 108-form Taiji. Though compared with other forms, Wudang Taiji seems to be a very ancient form, it’s still an abbreviated version of the 108 form, making many of the movements and concepts easier for practicers to remember.          >>TOP

Wudang Baxian Gun

Baxian Gun (Eight Immortals Stick) includes 61 postures. This form is one of the many kung fu treasures found on Wudang Mountain. It was created by imitating the features and characteristics of the eight Taoist Immortals:
1) He Xian Gu (with lotus flowers)
2) Tie guai Li (with pilgrim's gourd and iron crutch)
3) Cao Guo Jiu (with castanets)
4) Lu Dong bin (with fly-wisk and sword)
5) Han Xiang zi (with a flute)
6) Han zhong li (with fan and peach of immortality)
7) Lan Cai he (with basket of flowers)
8) Zhang Guo lao (with drum)
Baxian Spear is one of the Wudang Eight Immortals’ kungfu forms, which is only handed down to some favored disciples in private.      >>TOP

Wudang Fuchen

Fuchen (Horsetail Whisk) includes 24 movements. The Fuchen is a soft weapon used by Taoists when travelling. The movements of this form are dusting, sweeping and picking. This weapon looks very soft and gentle but can be extremely hard and strong when used correctly.          >>TOP

Wudang Fangbian Chan

Fangbian Chan (Taoist Spade) includes 72 postures. This form is unique to the Wudang Taoist Kungfu. It is said that the Fangbian Chan was passed down from Lao-tzu himself, and he left 81 shovels as a warning to his disciples to cultivate their morality. This weapon is a combination of the staff, fork and spear. The main movements of this form are pressing, blocking, thrusting, shoveling, wiping, and patting.          >>TOP

Wudang Baxian Jian

Baxian Jian (Eight Immortals Sword) includes 81 postures. This form originated from the stances of The Eight Immortals. When done quickly, this form envelops the body with the shadows of sword. Baxian Sword is known for its simplicity, its combination of both hard and soft force, and also the imitative stances of the Eight Immortals.          >>TOP

Wudang Taiyi Xuanmen Jian

Wudang Taiyi Xuanmen Jian (Wudang Taoist Sword) includes 65 movements. The Wudang Mountains have always been famous for the sword styles and there are many sword forms to be found there, but only the Taiyi Xuanmen Jian is the beloved sword style on the mountains. When Xuanmen Jian is practiced, the mind leads the physical movement and the body becomes one with the sword.          >>TOP

Wudang Taiyi Wuxing Quan

Taiyi Wuxing Quan (Taiyi Five Elements Form) includes 25 sections and 81 movements. This form is an important part of Wudang internal practice. The main contents and principles of the Taiyi School are somewhat similar to that of Wudang Taiji. Taiyi Wuxing Quan was created by master Shouxing, founding the Wudang Taoism Longmen School during the Ming Dynasty.

The principles of Taiyi Wuxing Quan are based on both Yin Yang theory and the Five Elements. This form is greatly influenced by the Five-Animal form of Hua Tuo, a famous doctor from the Han Dynasty. Taiyi Wuxing Quan also helps the practicers to regulate their breath while attacking and defending.

When learners are practicing this form, the internal force becomes more important than the physical force. While performing this regularly, the practicers can feel the energy flowing through the whole body in circle. It’s a charming and mysterious kungfu form.


Wudang Bagua Zhang

Bagua Zhang (Bagua Palm) consists of 8 separate parts, each of which is made up of a series of changing movements. Bagua Zhang was created on the basis of the Eight Trigrams and the laws of the Five Elements, which are Metal, Wood, Water, Fire and Earth.

This style of internal kungfu is well known for its circle walking, spinning, twisting and turning. Some of the most famous Bagua forms are, Old Bagua Palm and the Round Body Bagua Palm. All forms of Bagua are practiced for strengthening body and self-defence, as well as development of internal energy.          >>TOP

Wudang Xingyi Quan

Xingyi Quan (Body and Will Fist) includes 22 movements. The outstanding master of this form was Gou Yungsheng. He developed Xingyi Quan while handcuffed and shackled in jail about one hundred and fifty years ago. Because both his hands and feet were restrained, the movements in this form are all very limited. Large stretching movements will therefore not be found in Xingyi Quan.

Xingyi Quan consists of five different basic fists: Pi, Beng, Zhuan, Pao and Heng. In addition to the five punches, other movements practiced are cuts, straight blows, swings, and thrusts. The movements are simple, direct and very effective.          >>TOP

Wudang Baji Quan

Baji Quan (Eight Extremes Fist), includes 47 postures. In contrast to Taiji, Baji is quite forceful and is characterized by its swift, vigorous and steady movements. It can be used for long-distance attacks as well as for short-distance defense.         >>TOP

Wudang Longhua Quan

Longhua Quan (Wudang Dragon Fist) includes 28 movements. The Wudang Mountains have both Northern and Southern Kungfu sects. The Southern sect focuses more on fist striking, while the Northern sect is most famous for leg work. Longhua Quan comes from the Northern Wudang sect and is well known for its intricate leg movements. When practicing this form we can see both the dragon's characteristics and its courage.          >>TOP

Wudang Fuhu Quan

Fuhu Quan (Taming the Tiger Fist) includes 65 postures. This form is also known as Xiang Long Fuhu Quan (Taming the Tiger and Dragon Form). Fuhu Quan is a basic training form for the Taoist Monks.

This form was created to protect Wudang Mountain and its temples. The explosive energy and great physical force contained within this form is famous for frightening enemies away.

Hand work is an extremely important component to this form. In addition to a focus on punching, grasping, pulling and upper cuts, some important leg work, such as kicks and sweeps, is also used. This form demonstrates that enormous force can be hidden in extreme softness.          >>TOP

Wudang Xuanwu Quan

Xuanwu Quan (Xuanwu Fist) includes 53 movements. It is also known as Two Symbol Form, namely, the Yin and Yang symbols because the movements vary between extremes, hard and soft, quick and slow. When practicing this form the practicer moves as quickly as lightning and as loud as the thunder.           >>TOP

Wudang Xuanzhen Quan

Wudang Xuanzhen Quan (Wudang Mystical Truth Fist) includes 30 movements. Though this form is a basic one, it is not considered simple because the totally opposite types of movements are involved. This form is from the same family as Xuan Gong Quan, however, it is a higher level form.

Wudang Xuanzhen Quan focuses on palm movements, punching, elbowing, twisting and grasping. Though this form appears to be forceful, it combines both hard and soft movements, while at the same time being a very serious internal exercise.          >>TOP

Wudang Xuangong Dao

Xuangong Dao (Mystical Broadsword Form) includes 43 postures. This form belongs to the Wudang Xuangong School. The postures include cutting, sweeping, hooking, tangling, upper cuts and many others. When practiced, Xuangong Dao looks like a dragon rushing out of the water. Focused internal work for this form is extremely important.          >>TOP

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China Wudang Kungfu Academy
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Address: Yuanhe Temple, Wudang Mountain, Shiyan City, Hubei Province, China